Light Weight Aluminum Cartridge Case Design for IED’s Application – ANSYS

(Pages 16-26)
Bhupesh A. Parate1, Prashant Potdar2, Sunil Chandel3 and Himanshu Shekhar4

1Air Pilot Plant, Armament Research & Development Establishment (ARDE), Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Armament Post, Pashan, Pune – 411 021; 2Inspector RTO Pune, Transport Department; 3Mech Dept, Defence Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT), Near Khadakwasla Dam, Girinagr, Pune – 411 025; 4Office of Director General (ACE), Armament Post, Pashan, Pune – 411 021, India



This paper describes the design analysis of the aluminum cartridge case, its testing, Analytical Simulation (ANSYS) and evaluation against Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) applications. Aluminum material is light in weight, non-corrosive and compatible with the propellant. Because of excellent properties, it is widely used in defence application sector. In the armament system, an effort is being made to reduce the cost, the weight of material from logistic point of view and its manufacturing process so as to meet the design requirements. Brass cartridge cases are being widely used in various types of ammunition for last 100 years e.g. armaments of small arm cartridges, artillery shell and power cartridges for fighter aircraft. Cartridges are made of either aluminum, steel or brass is filled with the propellants and pyrotechnic composition. With suitable means of ignition, the propellant generates the hot combustion gases at high pressure and temperature. These combustion gases are utilized to perform certain work on the system. The aluminum cartridge case for water disruptor applications plays a significant role in the destruction of the suspicious objects. This paper discusses the design aspects of the aluminum cartridge case for disruptor application of suspected IEDs. Performance evaluation parameters i.e. maximum pressure (Pmax) and time to reach maximum pressure (TPmax) of aluminum cartridge have been carried out in a Closed Vessel (CV) using a Data Acquisition System (DAS). The material properties of aluminum such as tensile strength, percentage elongation and yield strength are determined using a Universal Testing Machine (UTM). Using the data obtained by the above methods, an attempt has been made to determine stress, strain and deformation of the cartridge case theoretically and numerically using ANSYS software. The results obtained by both methods are compared. The results are in good agreement with each other. It is observed that the percentage error for von -Mises stresses is 10.2 % using numerical and theoretical approaches. The percentage error between numerical and theoretical values of the hoop and longitudinal stresses are 6.71 % and 6.78 %. The percentage error between numerical and theoretical values of the hoop and longitudinal strains are 1.36 % and 3.64 %. The errors between theoretical and numerical values for radial displacements are 2.83 %. The novelty in this research work is that the design analysis of aluminium cartridge case is carried out using ANSYS software simulating the real- world problem. The analytical results are compared with numerical results. The actual pressure experienced by the cartridge case generated by the propellant burning is taken into consideration. This pressure is measured by a pressure transducer fitted over a specially designed test rig using a DAS. The sample of aluminum case is tested for hardness and microstructure. The results show there is no significant difference before and after the hardness and microstructure of the material. The results of ANSYS for stress and strain are in good agreement with theoretically calculated results and numerical analysis as percentage error is less than 11. This draws the inference for validating numerical and theoretical results. It is seen that 57.352 % saving in weight using aluminum cartridge is achieved. Using ANSYS, hoop stress 382.7 MPa, Hoop strain 4.32×10-3, longitudinal strain 0.8602×10-3 and longitudinal stress 191.5 MPa are estimated. The main objective of this paper is to carry out design and analysis of aluminum cartridge case analytically as well as numerically.

Keywords: ANSYS, Cartridge, Closed Vessel, Disruptor, IEDs and Power cartridge.