Advances in 3D Printing for Electrochemical Energy Storage Systems
Ankitha Menon1, Abdullah Khan2, Neethu T.M. Balakrishnan1, Prasanth Raghavan1,3, Carlos A. Leon y Leon2, Haris Ali Khan4, M.J. Jabeen Fatima1 and Peter Samora Owuor2
1Materials Science and Nano Engineering Lab, Department of Polymer Science and Rubber Technology, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Kerala, 682022, India; 2 Carbon Science Centre of Excellence, Morgan Advanced Materials, State College, Pennsylvania, 16803, USA; 3Department of Materials Engineering and Convergence Technology, Gyeongsang National University, 501 Jinju-daero, Jinju 52828, Republic of Korea; 4Department of Aerospace Engineering, National University of Science and Technology (NUST), H-12, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan
Abstract: In the current scenario, energy generation is relied on the portable gadgets with more efficiency paving a way for new versatile and smart techniques for device fabrication. 3D printing is one of the most adaptable fabrication techniques based on designed architecture. The fabrication of 3D printed energy storage devices minimizes the manual labor enhancing the perfection of fabrication and reducing the risk of hazards. The perfection in fabrication technique enhances the performance of the device. The idea has been built upon by industry as well as academic research to print a variety of battery components such as cathode, anode, separator, etc. The main attraction of 3D printing is its cost-efficiency. There are tremendous savings in not having to manufacture battery cells separately and then assemble them into modules. This review highlights recent and important advances made in 3D printing of energy storage devices. The present review explains the common 3D printing techniques that have been used for the printing of electrode materials, separators, battery casings, etc. Also highlights the challenges present in the technique during the energy storage device fabrication in order to overcome the same to develop the process of 3D printing of the batteries to have comparable performance to, or even better performance than, conventional batteries.
Keywords: 3D Printing, Batteries, Electrodes, Separators, Battery casings.