Graphene for Flexible Photovoltaic Devices
Kwadwo Mensah-Darkwa1, Rita Namoe Tabi1, Pawan K. Kahol2 and Ram K. Gupta2,3
1Department of Materials Engineering, College of Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah, University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; 2Department of Chemistry, Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, KS 66762, USA; 3Kansas Polymer Research Center, Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, KS 66762, USA
Abstract: Flexible photovoltaic devices (FPD’s) are emerging as next-generation technology in photovoltaic research. FPD’s have attracted great research attention because of their broad potential applications especially in wearable devices, portable electronics, integrated textiles, unmanned aerial vehicles, transportation, and military etc. The existing technologies have evolved over the years, improving efficiency and performance of photovoltaic devices. However, these technologies mostly rely on rigid electrodes that are brittle, costly and chemically unstable. For FPD’s to become practical, new materials that offer inherent flexibility without compromising on mechanical and optical properties must be the focus. Researchers have made significant advances over the past decade towards developing various aspects of FPD’s to improve its optical transmittance, mechanical stability, chemical stability etc. Graphene is increasingly been recognized as an excellent material for flexible photovoltaic devices because of its unique optical, electrical and mechanical properties. The prospects of introducing an inexpensive and abundant carbon-based material such as graphene in making flexible, low-cost, transparent PV cells cannot be over emphasized. However, the method to synthesize graphene to achieve the best performance is still complicated. This paper presents a brief overview of recent developments made in flexible photovoltaic devices using graphene.
Keywords: Graphene, Solar cell, Photovoltaic, Flexible devices, Efficiency.