Manuscript Guidelines

Since we both want the publication process to be speedy, you are hereby requested to follow these guidelines and shape your document accordingly.

Format of the Manuscript:

  1. Use MS Word (.docx or .doc) only and make your manuscript 10 to 20 pages long.
  2. The overall file, excluding supplements should not be more than 30 MB where the individual figures should not exceed 5MB.
  3. Any font can be used except the font named ‘Symbol’ with double line spacing.
  4. We only accept papers in English language. The non-native speakers are requested to get their paper edited for proofreading before submission since there are likely to be language issues. This can be done from our editors too on nominal payment.
  5. Abbreviations are to be defined and presented in alphabetical order at the beginning of the manuscript.
  6. The pages need to be numbered and the contents page should be made at the beginning of the manuscript. Try to ensure that the page numbers do not go beyond 15 typewritten words.
  7. Equations should not be in the form of images. Hence you are requested to use Math Type or Equation Editor etc. for this purpose.
  8. Figures can be submitted in separate files with format: Format: *.pdf, *.ps, *.eps, *.jpg, *.png, *.tif, or *.gif and resolution: 150-300 dpi.
  9. Tables should be submitted as MS WORD or included in the LaTeX file. Images of tables or those submitted as PDF cannot be processed so need not be included.
  10. Numbering of equations, figures and tables needs to be done as:

Equations: A1, A2, A3…

Figures: B1, B2, B3…
Tables: C1, C2, C3…

  1. SI units should be used throughout the document. In case there is need to use the non-standard unit then you would need to include the conversion and add the non-standard unit in parenthesis.
  2. Symbols can be defined in the text. If there is an extensive list, they can be listed in the appendix.
  3. Endnotes can be used instead of footnotes, as footnotes disrupt the flow of text. However if necessary footnotes can be used. They need to be numbered properly and footnotes to tables should be marked with lowercase letters.
  4. Appendices should be labeled with capital letter such as Appendix A, Appendix B
  5. The references should follow the Vancouver style.

Note for Authors:

Abstain from submitting files that have very low resolution, using Zipit or Stuffit tools to compress the files and graphics that are too large for the content.
Some formats might restrict the author in making online submissions due to the large file size hence it’s advisable to convert the files into JPEG format. Make sure that JPEG files are saved at high or maximum resolution.

Organization of the Manuscript

The manuscript content needs to be organized in the following manner:

Title page

The title should be concise but informative. It should be relevant to the research being processed in the paper and approximately of 15 words.

Moreover the title page should have the complete name of the author and his/her contributions and affiliations including:

  1. Complete name, personal & institutional address, phone number, fax number and email of the corresponding author.
  2. Affiliations of the author and co-authors should be included in this section.
  3. At least one contribution of each author should be mentioned.

Text organization

Full-length papers should be divided into 5-6 sections, i.e. Abstract, Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results & Discussions and Summary.  The headings & sub-headings of all sections must be numbered. Three levels of sectioning are allowed, e.g. 3, 3.1 and 3.1.1.


The abstract should be intelligible to the general reader, without referencing to the text. It should be concise and include precise details about the background, methodology and the significance of the topic hence make sure that the most relevant details and important results are mentioned. Most important is that it should be managed in 250 words, briefly describing the research method.

Reference citations should not be included in this section, unless urgently required, and non-standard abbreviations should not be included without explanations.


Only the most suitable, relevant and appropriate words should be selected and mentioned as keywords at the bottom of the abstract. It is better if these keywords are different from the words of the title. 5 words are enough to characterize the keywords.


The purpose of introduction is to provide a clear explanation of the problem under investigation. Hence the authors should state the significance and rationale for the study being conducted in this section.

Materials and Methods

This section should include the details of materials and methods, enough for the reproduction of the findings. Mention the previously conducted studies on the topic with appropriate references, if required. Suggestions and further modifications can also be included.

Results and Discussion

The results need to be clearly displayed through tables, figures and equations. Although clarity and brevity are encouraged, a comprehensive discussion on results is needed so as to bring out a reasonable conclusion.


It should include the outcomes of the study and summarize the whole article.


A single appendix should be titled APPENDIX, while more than one can be titled APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, and so on.  It should be included at the end of the article and should not be any longer than 2-3 pages. If supplementary material for the article is to be included in the paper, for the better understanding and comprehension of the study, then it should be placed under this heading.

  1. Format of submitted images should be *.pdf, *.ps, *.eps, *.jpg, *.png, *.tif, or *.gif.
  2. Resolution should be within a range of 150-300 dpi.
  3. They should be numbered as B1, B2, B3… and so on.
  4. For accepted manuscripts, submit them as separate files.
  5. Composite figures containing multiple panels should be collected into one file before submission.
  6. In case of figures in portrait orientation with a small aspect ratio, it is recommended that the authors provide all subfigures as individual files to allow a splitting.
  7. Visual cues should appear on the figure itself, rather than verbal explanations in the legend (e.g. “dashed line” or “open green circles”).
  1. For the production of the accepted manuscript they should be submitted as MS WORD or included in the LaTeX file. Tables submitted as PDF or image files cannot be processed.
  2. Each table should be produced on a separate sheet, after the references.
  3. Tables should be numbered as C1, C2, C3… and so on.
  4. Footnotes to tables should be typed below the tables and should be referred to by superscript lowercase letters.
  5. Tables should be self-explanatory and include a concise yet sufficiently descriptive caption.
  6. Horizontal lines should normally only appear above and below the table, and as a separator between the head and the main body of the table. Vertical lines must be avoided.
  1. All illustrations should be provided in camera-ready form, suitable for reproduction (which may include reduction) without re-touching.
  2. All illustrations must be readable when reduced to a width of 75 mm (single column figure) or 160 mm (double column figure).
  3. All figures are required to have a caption. Captions should be supplied on a separate sheet.
  4. They can be submitted in the following formats:
    • Illustrator
    • Microsoft Word
    • PowerPoint
    • JPEG
    • PDF
    • PNG
    • BMP
    • CDX (ChemDraw)
    • TGF (ISISDraw)
  1. Good quality printouts on white paper, produced in black ink, are required.
  2. Graphs lines and points on graphs should be sufficiently large and bold to permit reproduction when the diagram has been reduced to a size suitable for inclusion in the journal.
  3. Dye-line prints or photocopies are not suitable for reproduction.
  4. Do not use any type of shading on computer-generated illustrations.
Supplementary Material
  1. Authors have the opportunity to submit supplementary material with their manuscript such as data sets, movies, animations, etc.
  2. These files will be published online along with the article as *.zip archive (or single *.pdf file).
  3. The overall file size of a supplement is limited to 50 MB.
  4. Authors, who want to submit larger supplements, are kindly asked to submit their files to a reliable data repository and to insert a link in the manuscript. Ideally, this linkage is realized through DOIs (digital object identifier)
  1. All your sources and related available work should be cited in the reference list.
  2. The material that can be cited includes published work, accepted manuscripts as well as manuscripts on pre-print servers.
  3. Authors should note not to include any unpublished work or personal communications in the reference list.
  4. References must be listed in the numerical system (Vancouver style).
  5. Citations must not be included in the abstract rather all the citations should be numbered sequentially in square brackets […] in the text and listed in the same numerical order in the reference section (for example, “We used the techniques developed by our colleagues [19] to analyze the data”).
  6. The reference numbers must be finalized and the bibliography must be fully formatted before submission.